logo
painting

Tracing or Logging RabbitMQ

Messaging queues like RabbitMQ are widely used. For example it is a key component in an OpenStack deployment.

Sometimes you need to peek into the queue and see what is happening and I thought I would write a quick post on one way to do that.

Turn on the firehose

Rabbit has an option to turn on “tracing” so that you can see every message that is coming through the queue.

RabbitMQ has a “firehose” feature, where the administrator can enable (on a per-node, per-vhost basis) an exchange to which publish- and delivery-notifications should be CCed. - RabbitMQ

If you have a default install and just want the “/” vhost, you can simply turn on tracing.

root@rabbit:~# rabbitmqctl trace_on 
Starting tracing for vhost "/" ...

Now you need to read that queue.

Reading messages on the firehose queue

You will need a script to read the queue.

I just grabbed one off of github, but it would be straight forward to write your own.

This particular python script uses the pika library.

ubuntu@rabbit:~$ virtualenv venv
ubuntu@rabbit:~$ . venv/bin/activate
ubuntu@rabbit:~$ pip install pika

Now you can turn on the firehose. I’m going to redirect to a file because there are a lot of messages.

(venv) ubuntu@rabbit:~$ time ./trace.py > trace.out
^CTraceback (most recent call last):
  File "./trace.py", line 37, in <module>
    channel.start_consuming()
  File "/home/ubuntu/venv/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pika/adapters/blocking_connection.py", line 1681, in start_consuming
    self.connection.process_data_events(time_limit=None)
  File "/home/ubuntu/venv/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pika/adapters/blocking_connection.py", line 647, in process_data_events
    self._flush_output(common_terminator)
  File "/home/ubuntu/venv/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pika/adapters/blocking_connection.py", line 410, in _flush_output
    self._impl.ioloop.poll()
  File "/home/ubuntu/venv/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pika/adapters/select_connection.py", line 590, in poll
    events = self._poll.poll(self.get_next_deadline())
KeyboardInterrupt

real    0m2.421s
user    0m0.096s
sys 0m0.024s
(venv) ubuntu@rabbit:~$ wc -l trace.out 
99 trace.out
(venv) ubuntu@rabbit:~$ head trace.out 
 [*] Waiting for logs. To exit press CTRL+C
 [x] 'publish.nova':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'conductor']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_context_domain\\": null, \\"_msg_id\\": \\"91deacb97e0948069f234db946d661ae\\", \\"_context_quota_class\\": null, \\"_context_read_only\\": false, \\"_context_request_id\\": \\"req-e282aa6c-ccd0-4a23-aa1c-e818a339c56a\\", \\"_context_service_catalog\\": [], \\"args\\": {\\"objmethod\\": \\"save\\", \\"args\\": [], \\"objinst\\": {\\"nova_object.version\\": \\"1.20\\", \\"nova_object.changes\\": [\\"report_count\\"], \\"nova_object.name\\": \\"Service\\", \\"nova_object.data\\": {\\"binary\\": \\"nova-compute\\", \\"deleted\\": false, \\"created_at\\": \\"2016-12-13T21:53:45Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:28Z\\", \\"report_count\\": 32164, \\"topic\\": \\"compute\\", \\"host\\": \\"server03\\", \\"version\\": 15, \\"disabled\\": false, \\"forced_down\\": false, \\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:28Z\\", \\"deleted_at\\": null, \\"disabled_reason\\": null, \\"id\\": 7}, \\"nova_object.namespace\\": \\"nova\\"}, \\"kwargs\\": {}}, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"3d3aaa47d8b94fc8bf025a797e788d87\\", \\"_context_resource_uuid\\": null, \\"_context_instance_lock_checked\\": false, \\"_context_is_admin_project\\": true, \\"_context_user\\": null, \\"_context_user_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_name\\": null, \\"_context_read_deleted\\": \\"no\\", \\"_context_user_identity\\": \\"- - - - -\\", \\"_reply_q\\": \\"reply_0949e6a10e0345c4ba494eb121edc1f1\\", \\"_context_auth_token\\": null, \\"_context_show_deleted\\": false, \\"_context_tenant\\": null, \\"_context_roles\\": [], \\"_context_is_admin\\": true, \\"version\\": \\"3.0\\", \\"_context_project_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_domain\\": null, \\"_context_timestamp\\": \\"2016-12-16T16:05:25.637936\\", \\"_context_user_domain\\": null, \\"_context_user_name\\": null, \\"method\\": \\"object_action\\", \\"_context_remote_address\\": null}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'deliver.conductor':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'conductor']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_context_domain\\": null, \\"_msg_id\\": \\"91deacb97e0948069f234db946d661ae\\", \\"_context_quota_class\\": null, \\"_context_read_only\\": false, \\"_context_request_id\\": \\"req-e282aa6c-ccd0-4a23-aa1c-e818a339c56a\\", \\"_context_service_catalog\\": [], \\"args\\": {\\"objmethod\\": \\"save\\", \\"args\\": [], \\"objinst\\": {\\"nova_object.version\\": \\"1.20\\", \\"nova_object.changes\\": [\\"report_count\\"], \\"nova_object.name\\": \\"Service\\", \\"nova_object.data\\": {\\"binary\\": \\"nova-compute\\", \\"deleted\\": false, \\"created_at\\": \\"2016-12-13T21:53:45Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:28Z\\", \\"report_count\\": 32164, \\"topic\\": \\"compute\\", \\"host\\": \\"server03\\", \\"version\\": 15, \\"disabled\\": false, \\"forced_down\\": false, \\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:28Z\\", \\"deleted_at\\": null, \\"disabled_reason\\": null, \\"id\\": 7}, \\"nova_object.namespace\\": \\"nova\\"}, \\"kwargs\\": {}}, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"3d3aaa47d8b94fc8bf025a797e788d87\\", \\"_context_resource_uuid\\": null, \\"_context_instance_lock_checked\\": false, \\"_context_is_admin_project\\": true, \\"_context_user\\": null, \\"_context_user_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_name\\": null, \\"_context_read_deleted\\": \\"no\\", \\"_context_user_identity\\": \\"- - - - -\\", \\"_reply_q\\": \\"reply_0949e6a10e0345c4ba494eb121edc1f1\\", \\"_context_auth_token\\": null, \\"_context_show_deleted\\": false, \\"_context_tenant\\": null, \\"_context_roles\\": [], \\"_context_is_admin\\": true, \\"version\\": \\"3.0\\", \\"_context_project_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_domain\\": null, \\"_context_timestamp\\": \\"2016-12-16T16:05:25.637936\\", \\"_context_user_domain\\": null, \\"_context_user_name\\": null, \\"method\\": \\"object_action\\", \\"_context_remote_address\\": null}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'publish.reply_0949e6a10e0345c4ba494eb121edc1f1':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'reply_0949e6a10e0345c4ba494eb121edc1f1']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_msg_id\\": \\"91deacb97e0948069f234db946d661ae\\", \\"failure\\": null, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"fbb674f006f54c939dd3df7b8e234748\\", \\"result\\": [{\\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:38Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:38Z\\", \\"obj_what_changed\\": []}, null], \\"ending\\": true}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'deliver.reply_0949e6a10e0345c4ba494eb121edc1f1':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'reply_0949e6a10e0345c4ba494eb121edc1f1']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_msg_id\\": \\"91deacb97e0948069f234db946d661ae\\", \\"failure\\": null, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"fbb674f006f54c939dd3df7b8e234748\\", \\"result\\": [{\\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:38Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:38Z\\", \\"obj_what_changed\\": []}, null], \\"ending\\": true}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'publish.nova':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'conductor']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_context_domain\\": null, \\"_msg_id\\": \\"1db1384294174e8d83ba30ffae7912e2\\", \\"_context_quota_class\\": null, \\"_context_read_only\\": false, \\"_context_request_id\\": \\"req-e8d0d0c9-35b1-4d47-9ab9-b0d6f08283eb\\", \\"_context_service_catalog\\": [], \\"args\\": {\\"objmethod\\": \\"save\\", \\"args\\": [], \\"objinst\\": {\\"nova_object.version\\": \\"1.20\\", \\"nova_object.changes\\": [\\"report_count\\"], \\"nova_object.name\\": \\"Service\\", \\"nova_object.data\\": {\\"binary\\": \\"nova-compute\\", \\"deleted\\": false, \\"created_at\\": \\"2016-12-13T21:50:18Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:29Z\\", \\"report_count\\": 32176, \\"topic\\": \\"compute\\", \\"host\\": \\"server02\\", \\"version\\": 15, \\"disabled\\": false, \\"forced_down\\": false, \\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:29Z\\", \\"deleted_at\\": null, \\"disabled_reason\\": null, \\"id\\": 6}, \\"nova_object.namespace\\": \\"nova\\"}, \\"kwargs\\": {}}, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"d484f67b6dc34bc88b26c7a011015c36\\", \\"_context_resource_uuid\\": null, \\"_context_instance_lock_checked\\": false, \\"_context_is_admin_project\\": true, \\"_context_user\\": null, \\"_context_user_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_name\\": null, \\"_context_read_deleted\\": \\"no\\", \\"_context_user_identity\\": \\"- - - - -\\", \\"_reply_q\\": \\"reply_eab5dc5ef70a480881932f27d8d2157b\\", \\"_context_auth_token\\": null, \\"_context_show_deleted\\": false, \\"_context_tenant\\": null, \\"_context_roles\\": [], \\"_context_is_admin\\": true, \\"version\\": \\"3.0\\", \\"_context_project_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_domain\\": null, \\"_context_timestamp\\": \\"2016-12-16T16:05:22.325724\\", \\"_context_user_domain\\": null, \\"_context_user_name\\": null, \\"method\\": \\"object_action\\", \\"_context_remote_address\\": null}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'deliver.conductor':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'conductor']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_context_domain\\": null, \\"_msg_id\\": \\"1db1384294174e8d83ba30ffae7912e2\\", \\"_context_quota_class\\": null, \\"_context_read_only\\": false, \\"_context_request_id\\": \\"req-e8d0d0c9-35b1-4d47-9ab9-b0d6f08283eb\\", \\"_context_service_catalog\\": [], \\"args\\": {\\"objmethod\\": \\"save\\", \\"args\\": [], \\"objinst\\": {\\"nova_object.version\\": \\"1.20\\", \\"nova_object.changes\\": [\\"report_count\\"], \\"nova_object.name\\": \\"Service\\", \\"nova_object.data\\": {\\"binary\\": \\"nova-compute\\", \\"deleted\\": false, \\"created_at\\": \\"2016-12-13T21:50:18Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:29Z\\", \\"report_count\\": 32176, \\"topic\\": \\"compute\\", \\"host\\": \\"server02\\", \\"version\\": 15, \\"disabled\\": false, \\"forced_down\\": false, \\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:29Z\\", \\"deleted_at\\": null, \\"disabled_reason\\": null, \\"id\\": 6}, \\"nova_object.namespace\\": \\"nova\\"}, \\"kwargs\\": {}}, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"d484f67b6dc34bc88b26c7a011015c36\\", \\"_context_resource_uuid\\": null, \\"_context_instance_lock_checked\\": false, \\"_context_is_admin_project\\": true, \\"_context_user\\": null, \\"_context_user_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_name\\": null, \\"_context_read_deleted\\": \\"no\\", \\"_context_user_identity\\": \\"- - - - -\\", \\"_reply_q\\": \\"reply_eab5dc5ef70a480881932f27d8d2157b\\", \\"_context_auth_token\\": null, \\"_context_show_deleted\\": false, \\"_context_tenant\\": null, \\"_context_roles\\": [], \\"_context_is_admin\\": true, \\"version\\": \\"3.0\\", \\"_context_project_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_domain\\": null, \\"_context_timestamp\\": \\"2016-12-16T16:05:22.325724\\", \\"_context_user_domain\\": null, \\"_context_user_name\\": null, \\"method\\": \\"object_action\\", \\"_context_remote_address\\": null}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'publish.reply_eab5dc5ef70a480881932f27d8d2157b':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'reply_eab5dc5ef70a480881932f27d8d2157b']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_msg_id\\": \\"1db1384294174e8d83ba30ffae7912e2\\", \\"failure\\": null, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"366886d2234e49649665576f43ae3f72\\", \\"result\\": [{\\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:39Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:39Z\\", \\"obj_what_changed\\": []}, null], \\"ending\\": true}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'deliver.reply_eab5dc5ef70a480881932f27d8d2157b':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'reply_eab5dc5ef70a480881932f27d8d2157b']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_msg_id\\": \\"1db1384294174e8d83ba30ffae7912e2\\", \\"failure\\": null, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"366886d2234e49649665576f43ae3f72\\", \\"result\\": [{\\"last_seen_up\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:39Z\\", \\"updated_at\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:39Z\\", \\"obj_what_changed\\": []}, null], \\"ending\\": true}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'
 [x] 'publish.nova':u'rabbit@rabbit':[u'conductor']:'{"oslo.message": "{\\"_context_domain\\": null, \\"_msg_id\\": \\"06d003ee9aa0445e8947c27a92275f0c\\", \\"_context_quota_class\\": null, \\"_context_read_only\\": false, \\"_context_request_id\\": \\"req-dc8f9ccf-151e-4f9b-9fd9-52350c39fd6f\\", \\"_context_service_catalog\\": [], \\"args\\": {\\"object_versions\\": {\\"PciDevicePoolList\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"ServiceList\\": \\"1.19\\", \\"PciDevicePool\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"Service\\": \\"1.20\\", \\"TagList\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"InstancePCIRequests\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"VirtCPUModel\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"MigrationContext\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"SecurityGroup\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"DeviceBus\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"Instance\\": \\"2.3\\", \\"KeyPair\\": \\"1.4\\", \\"KeyPairList\\": \\"1.3\\", \\"DeviceMetadata\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"InstancePCIRequest\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"EC2Ids\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"InstanceInfoCache\\": \\"1.5\\", \\"VirtCPUFeature\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"Flavor\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"SecurityGroupList\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"PciDevice\\": \\"1.5\\", \\"VirtCPUTopology\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"InstanceNUMACell\\": \\"1.3\\", \\"InstanceList\\": \\"2.1\\", \\"ComputeNode\\": \\"1.16\\", \\"InstanceFault\\": \\"1.2\\", \\"Tag\\": \\"1.1\\", \\"HVSpec\\": \\"1.2\\", \\"InstanceDeviceMetadata\\": \\"1.0\\", \\"InstanceNUMATopology\\": \\"1.2\\", \\"PciDeviceList\\": \\"1.3\\"}, \\"objmethod\\": \\"get_by_host\\", \\"args\\": [\\"server03\\"], \\"objname\\": \\"InstanceList\\", \\"kwargs\\": {\\"use_slave\\": true, \\"expected_attrs\\": []}}, \\"_unique_id\\": \\"42f089b774994641a15621df44b4493e\\", \\"_context_resource_uuid\\": null, \\"_context_instance_lock_checked\\": false, \\"_context_is_admin_project\\": true, \\"_context_user\\": null, \\"_context_user_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_name\\": null, \\"_context_read_deleted\\": \\"no\\", \\"_context_user_identity\\": \\"- - - - -\\", \\"_reply_q\\": \\"reply_0949e6a10e0345c4ba494eb121edc1f1\\", \\"_context_auth_token\\": null, \\"_context_show_deleted\\": false, \\"_context_tenant\\": null, \\"_context_roles\\": [\\"admin\\"], \\"_context_is_admin\\": true, \\"version\\": \\"3.0\\", \\"_context_project_id\\": null, \\"_context_project_domain\\": null, \\"_context_timestamp\\": \\"2016-12-17T15:31:43.661237\\", \\"_context_user_domain\\": null, \\"_context_user_name\\": null, \\"method\\": \\"object_class_action_versions\\", \\"_context_remote_address\\": null}", "oslo.version": "2.0"}'

Once you’ve got the messages you want, turn off tracing.

root@rabbit:~# rabbitmqctl trace_off
Stopping tracing for vhost "/" ...

You might need to empty out the firehost queue.

root@rabbit:~# rabbitmqctl list_queues | grep firehose
firehose    450
root@rabbit:~# rabbitmqctl purge_queue firehose
Purging queue 'firehose' in vhost '/' ...
root@rabbit:~# rabbitmqctl list_queues | grep firehose
firehose    0

blog comments powered by Disqus