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Ansible Custom Facts

I like Ansible. It's not perfect but nothing is. Recently I was playing around with the tinc vpn system and wanted a way to set a custom fact per virtual machine based on the vms public ip address. I figured the best way to do that would be to setup a custom fact. It turns out there isn't that much documentation on just how to do that, or I simply can't find it. So I'm going to describe what I did in order to setup and use a custom fact.

A bash script

I just wanted a simple script to parse the ip address of the server and return a private ip based on the last octet of the address.

This is the script I ended up using.

#!/bin/bash

IP_INDEX=`hostname -i | cut -f 4 -d "."`

cat <<EOF
{
    "vpn_ip" : "10.0.0.$IP_INDEX"
}
EOF

Using ansible I put that file into the /etc/ansible/facts.d directory. Note it has to be executable, return json, and end with the .fact extension.

ubuntu@trusty2:~$ cd /etc/ansible/facts.d/
ubuntu@trusty2:/etc/ansible/facts.d$ ./tinc_facts.fact
{
    "vpn_ip" : "10.0.0.22"
}

Pretty simple so far.

Loading the custom fact

So, the first time that file is loaded onto the server Ansible setup won't have it yet (unless it was loaded up in a previous role) so if you do load the facts file in the same role you'll have to use setup in the task list to load the custom fact.

Here's a snippet of my playbook. It's creating the facts.d directory, copying over the script, and finally re-running setup with the ansible_local filter.

I should be registering a variable and only reload the ansible_local if the facts.d scripts have changed on this particular run.

- name: ensure custom facts directory exists
  file: >
    path=/etc/ansible/facts.d
    recurse=yes
    state=directory

- name: install custom fact module for IP address
  template: >
    src=tinc_facts.sh.j2
    dest=/etc/ansible/facts.d/tinc_facts.fact
    mode=0755

- name: reload ansible_local
  setup: filter=ansible_local

Otherwise, on the next Ansible run it'll be available.

Using the fact

It seems as though the fact gets loaded into the ansible_local namespace under the name of the name of the fact script.

$ ansible -m setup trusty2 | grep -A 4 ansible_local
        "ansible_local": {
            "tinc_facts": {
                "vpn_ip": "10.0.0.22"
            }
        },

I use the fact like this in my playbook.

- name: ensure subnet ip address is properly set in tinc host file
  lineinfile: >
    dest=/etc/tinc/{{ vpn_name }}/hosts/{{ ansible_hostname }}
    line="Subnet = {{ ansible_local.tinc_facts.vpn_ip }}/32"
    create=yes
  notify:
    - restart tinc

And there we go, relatively simple custom facts for Ansible. Now we can do all sorts of silly things like make new ips based on old ips. haha.


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